Feeding fish in the pond


Feeding fish in the pond


Feeding fish in the pond


Correct feeding of fish in a pond is the key to maintaining them in good condition and ... to keeping them clean that fills our pond with water. The market currently offers dozens of various ready-made foods in the form of floating sticks, floating or sinking granules, floating flakes. There are also special foods, e.g. in the form of larger pieces adapted to be given to tamed animals directly from the hand. In addition, you can use a variety of additional foods. However, before we rush to the store, it is worth getting to know the nutritional requirements of individual species of fish normally bred in home decorative ponds.

Who likes what?

The species most commonly cultivated in ponds include: ornamental crucian carp, koi carp, ide (and especially its golden variety called Orpha), tench (also golden), grass carp, silver carp and sturgeon (and more precisely - sterlet). Let's take a brief look at the nutritional requirements and food preferences of these fish.

Ornamental crucian carp are easy to feed omnivorous fish. Under joint conditions, dry food should be given to him in the form of thick flakes, small sticks, or granules. Young fish can also be successfully fed with flaked foods used in feeding aquarium fish. To emphasize the beautiful colors of gold, orange and red-colored karasi, it is advisable to give them staining foods containing carotenoids.

Koi carp is an impressive, very voracious fish, requiring properly selected foods with high protein content. It's best to feed him with high-calorie granules. Granules with high spirulina content are very good. As additional food, you can use floating sticks. sticks characterized. For feeding tame large specimens, you can use special delicacies in the form of large bites prepared to be handed directly to the mouth.

The ide is a typical gregarious omnivorous fish. Prefers food in the form of sticks floating on the water surface. Gold-colored fish are advised to feed carotenoids. A large herd of ide requires regular feeding and large amounts of food.



Lin is an omnivorous species with a predominance of animal food. Under pond conditions, it is best to give him small and medium-sized granules falling to the bottom. Caloric and high-protein foods are recommended. For example, granules intended for young sturgeons are eagerly eaten. In the absence of this type of food, you can give typical floating sticks that fish learn to take quickly. For the golden variety, food containing natural coloring ingredients is recommended.

Amur is a magnificent fish that feeds on plant food. It requires large amounts of food - it grows very quickly and reaches impressive dimensions in a short time. In ponds, it is best to give him floating plant sticks and granules with a high content of spirulina. Dietary supplements can be of animal origin (accelerate the growth of young grass carp). These fish also eagerly eat all aquatic plants (serrated teeth and an extremely long digestive tract allow them to eat even coastal reeds). Young grass animals are perfect for clearing neglected and heavily overgrown ponds - they eat up to 120% of their body mass per day. On the other hand, if you want to keep a large number of plants in the pond, it's better to give up buying these fish in advance.

The silver carp is a very interesting species in terms of diet. This fish feeds on plant plankton floating in water (and therefore mainly algae), which laboriously filters with the help of specially shaped appendages. For its digestion, it has an extremely long digestive tract ten times the length of the body of the fish itself. In the absence of adequate amounts of phytoplankton, these fish may starve, therefore they should only be introduced into ponds that will be able to provide them with plenty of natural food. There is virtually no possibility of artificial feeding.



Sterlet is a very unusual fish in terms of food preferences. As a benthic species, it absorbs food almost exclusively from the bottom (it is predisposed to the location of the mouth on the underside of the body). It requires food based mainly on animal ingredients, calorie and rich in fats. Commercially available special granules for sturgeon fish quickly sinking to the bottom. The size of the granulate should be selected according to the size of our fish. Sterlets supplement this diet by sometimes eating aquatic plants and algae. Grown individuals may occasionally hunt small fish, although in pond conditions this is extremely rare.

Additional foods

In addition to specialized foods for pond fish, the inhabitants of our pond can be served a variety of other delicacies, mainly of natural origin. Earthworms and insect larvae work well, which can be purchased e.g. in fishing shops or grown independently (for finding recipes for breeding, e.g. California earthworm, pot pots or so-called white worms, please refer to other, more detailed publications). In addition, pond fish, especially fry, can be served with some foods normally used in aquarium fish nutrition. Flakes containing large amounts of spirulina are especially good, e.g. by carassia and carp. Unfortunately, this is a rather expensive solution, because this food has quite high prices. Under no circumstances should you give bread or other "human" food to pond fish. This causes them digestive problems and can contribute to serious health problems, not to mention unnecessary water pollution in the pond.

How to feed and ... or at all?

Picking the correct food is just a large portion of the fight. The question remains how often and in what quantities should it be given? Theoretically, the matter is simple, because each manufacturer gives recommendations in this regard on a sack, can or another food packaging. Some even prepared special brochures-guides for their clients. The problem, however, is that each of them is interested in selling as much food as possible, so the standard recommendation is to "feed the fish in the pond several times a day with portions of food that can be eaten within a few minutes" or similar.

In fact, such intense "fattening" is justified only when feeding young, quickly increasing its size fry. If we wanted to treat adult fish in this way, our eye would quickly turn into a stinking puddle and its inhabitants would float upon their bellies. It should be remembered that in a sufficiently large, correctly set up and at least partially planted with various types of water plants, a quite complex ecosystem will be created over time, with a wealth of various types of invertebrates constituting the best, because of completely natural food for fish.

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